12 Maintenance Tips to Make Your Car Tyres Last Longer
Don’t ignore the maintenance of your car tyres until flying cars become the norm. A savvy and responsible car owner must invest in the welfare of their car tyres, not just to save money on replacement and repairs down the road, but also for the safety.
With regular maintenance, you will keep your car tyres in top shape until you require replacing them. Tyres wear out slowly so it can be challenging to find out the point where deterioration can lead to any issues. That’s why we have come up with some important things to extend the life of your car tyre as well as prevent the potential issues.
Check Your Tyre Air Pressure Once a Month
This is the easiest step to maintain the life of your car tyre. Make sure to check their air pressure monthly. The under-inflated tires can lead to sluggish handling, stopping distance, wear and tear and the risk of a blowout. This is also important as tyres are likely to lose about one pound per square inch of air (PSI) per month. A tyre can lose more air in cold weather climates. Therefore, don’t wait for a mechanic to check your tyre pressure only at oil changes or tire rotations.
Besides keeping your tyres in top shape, maintaining the right tyre pressure ensures more mileage from your engine. An underinflated tyre needs more energy to move, affecting fuel efficiency and engine performance as well. Optimally-inflated car tyres have a good grip over the road surface, ensuring you better control on the car. Excessive tyre pressure can be dangerous, the air inside might heat up and expand, causing tire bursts. Underinflated tyres can lose their grip on the road while controlling becomes challenging on wet surfaces. To find the right pressure for your car tyre, refer to your owner’s manual or the placard placed on your car’s door frame.
Have the Tyres Rotated Every 5,000 Miles
Uneven tire wear happens when only one or two wheels drive the car most of the times. Front tyres take the most beatings on front-wheel drive vehicles. The back tyres wear faster on the rear-wheel drive vehicles. In fact, all-wheel drive vehicles are prone to uneven wear. Get your tyres rotated every 5,000 miles. The tyres are rotated by moving them to different wheel positions on the car. That saves the life of most exploited tyres by giving them a rest and balance the wear. This is a great way to make your tyres last longer.
Avoid Overloading Your Vehicle
Overloading can cause sudden damage to your car tyres, leading to accidents. All the tyres are tested for their ability to carry a certain load limit. If the load is exceeded, the tyres face excessive pressure and gain temperature quickly. In such scenarios, the tyre can lose its strength a lot quicker and can also burst. Always check the side markings of the tyre to know how much load they can carry.
Inspect Tyres Regularly, Especially before Long Road Trips
Make sure to do a physical inspection of your car tyres every time you check tyre pressure or wash your car. Don’t hesitate to get down on your knees and hands to do a manual inspection. Look for the things like bulges, cracks and objects that might lead to a flat tyre, such as screws, glass, nails or stones. If such objects have punctured the sidewalls of the tyre, consider replacing it. If you’re going on a long road trip, make sure to check your tyre pressure as well as the tyre condition before leaving the home.
Avoid Installing Mismatched Tyres
Mismatched tyres can affect the handling of your car and lead to wear and tear on the rest of the tyres, as well as other parts of the car. Buying one odd tyre means that you might need to replace those three wheels sooner or later.
Here is a golden rule:-
Buy at least two tyres and get them installed on the rear of the car no matter what model or make you have. While the tested and tried tip says that new tyres should always be put on the front, the advantage of installing the new tyres on the rear ensure better control under wet conditions. Poor or worn-out tyres on the rear might lead to spin-out.
Know When to Change Your Tyres
According to the experts, the right time to replace a tyre is between 6-10 years. However, 6 years is a more ideal time to get your car tyre changed. The life of your tyre is also determined by several factors like driving, the total number of KMs driven, weather condition and road condition. Car tyres are treated with an anti-oxidizing chemical compound to make them last longer. The chemical delays the usual ageing process of the untreated rubber. However, the tyres still wear out as they age, though slowly, and lead to the risk of tyre malfunction. There are many ways by which you can identify the wearing of the tyres such as bulging or cracking marks on the sidewalls of the tyre, deformation of tyre tread and distortion in the entire carcass of the tyre.
Another key thing to look for can be the manufacturing data of tyre mentioned on the sidewalls, which can tell you about when to replace a tyre.
Be Careful with Your Driving
Let’s accept it. Most of us must have driven the car harshly or at high speed, and applying emergency brakes to stop the car immediately. While this might boost your adrenaline rush, it inflicts harm on your car tyres. Rough braking can affect the life of car tyres, which leads to premature wear of the tyres. Therefore, you should always drive at the right speed that will eventually help you avoid applying brakes frequently. Rash driving and frequent stoppages at high speed also cause tyre skidding that not only makes you prone to the accident but eats up the treat of tyre much quicker than expected.
Use Jack Carefully
At the time of replacing the tyre, a hydraulic car jack is always recommended, which is safe and simple to work with, alongside is also considered safe for the individual replaces the tyre. If you don’t have a hydraulic car jack, use the one that is provided by the car maker. Make sure the area where the punctured tyre is being swapped should be rigid and even.
Store Tyres in a Cool and Dry Place
If you need to store the tyres, make sure to clean them first and choose the right position in which they have to be stored. They should be stored in a cool and dry place away from grease and petroleum products. Moreover, keep them away from sunlight or heat as well as hot pipes and electric motors. Water is another foe of your tyres. Therefore, make sure there are no chances of the collection of water inside the tyres. Continuous exposure to the abovementioned elements can reduce the life of your tyres as they lead to inner weakening and early deterioration.
Get Your Wheel Aligned
A wheel alignment is a process to adjust the angles of the wheels as recommended by the car manufacturers. Such adjustments help you increase the life of your tyre. Get it done every 5,000 kilometres or whenever you notice any irregular wear on the tyre.
Don’t Spin Your Tyres Aggressively
Needless to say, the car moves only when the tyres rotate. But that doesn’t mean you spin them excessively when stuck in the ice, snow or mud. Sometimes, many people do that while peeling out of the parking lot. Keep in mind that spinning is not good for your tyre’s health as it causes uneven wearing.
Check Your Treads
Tread is the rubber substance on the tyre that comes into the contact of the road. It plays a vital role in handling and rolling of the tyres. The treat wears off as the tyres are used. The average tread depth of a new tyre is 8-9 mm. A tyre with a tread depth below 1.6 mm is likely to lose its grip, meaning that they are not safe. Tread wear indicators or wear bars on the tyre tread help you determine if the tread is in a healthy condition. You can measure the depth by placing a coin on the tread.
For example, use a 1 rupee coin to check tread wear. If the head of the Ashoka is visible when the coin gets into the tread, then it is a sign that you need to change the tyres.
Or you can use a cheap tread depth tool.
Remove the small objects being stuck in the treads. If they look like nails or something that get into the rubber, leave it in until you can make to a garage to avoid ending up with a flat tyre. Also, check the treads for uneven patches of wear, or bald spots. In case of such signs, talk to your mechanic.
So these are the things to keep your car tyres in top shape for years. What do you think? Let us know by commenting below!